Knowledge on Diabetes and It’s Associated Health Risk among Adults 18 Years and above in the Great Soppo Community

Monday, November 21, 2022

Knowledge on Diabetes and It’s Associated Health Risk among Adults 18 Years and above in the Great Soppo Community

Department: Nursing

No of Pages: 29

Project Code: NS6

References: Yes

Cost: 5,000XAF Cameroonian

 : $15 for International students

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Diabetes mellitus is a disease condition that afflicts millions of people worldwide and it related complication continue to be of great concern. Awareness about diabetes varies between countries, and between individuals’. Data was collected mainly through the use of a questionnaire and it was analysed SPSS 20, summarized and presented on table and charts


The participants average score was 8.588 (p = 0.05).Out of the 14 questions asked about diabetes, the one which almost all participants (88.2%) got right is that eating much sugar causes diabetes and concerning the complication, many participants could not identify the complications of diabetes (43.5%).


The adult population of Great Soppo Community had knowledge on diabetes Factors such as sex, educational level, individuals’ with diabetes were associate with knowledge of diabetes.




1.0 General Introduction

This report titled Knowledge on Diabetes and Associated Health Risks among Individuals’ in the Great Soppo community is divided into five chapters. Chapter one consist of orientation to the study that clearly highlight among others the background, problem statement, purpose, objectives, research questions and operational definition of terms.


Chapter two focuses on literature review, chapter three talks about research design and methodology, chapter four explains presentation and interpretation of result and chapter five talks about discussion, conclusion, and recommendation.


1.1 Background

Diabetes mellitus affects millions of people worldwide and it related complications continue to be of great concern. The pandemic is rapidly spreading in developing countries and particularly affecting poor population in sub- Saharan Africa (International Diabetes Federation, 2015). The prevalence of diabetes among blacks has increased during the past 30 years and blacks are 1.7 times as likely to develop diabetes as White.

Among blacks age 20 and older, about 2.3 million have diabetes. Black with diabetes are more likely than non- Hispanic White to develop diabetes and to experience greater disability from diabetes related complication such as amputation, adult blindness, kidney failure and increase risk of heart disease and stroke.


Death rate for blacks with diabetes are 27 percent higher than for white (Sobngwi, 2011). According to Cypress( 2015), an individual with diabetes the body either does not make enough insulin or cannot use it own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in blood this explains why many people refer to diabetes as’’ sugar’’.


Diabetes usually present with signs and symptoms like frequent urination, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, extreme hunger, sudden vision change. Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United State.   


1.2 Problem Statement

Diabetes is a major health problem and is a non- modifiable risk factor to stroke. It is also link to hypertension. The worldwide increase in type two diabetes mellitus is becoming a major health problem in many communities.


The lack of many individuals’ knowledge about how to live a healthy life style inorder to reduce the chances of having diabetes put many people at risk of developing diabetes. Hence because of the lack of knowledge of many individuals’ and communities about what diabetes is all about makes many people to stands a greater risk of developing diabetes ( especially type two diabetes) that has a lot to do with life style modification which many individuals’ do not practice due to lack of knowledge ( Bardsley, 2015)


1.3 Research Questions

Do individuals in Great Soppo community have adequate knowledge on diabetes and it associated risks?

How do demographic factors influence knowledge of diabetes and associated risks of individuals in Great Soppo community.


1.4 Objectives

1.4.1General objective

  • To assess knowledge on diabetes and it’s associated health risks among adults 18 years and above in the Great Soppo community.


1.4.2 Specific Objective

  • To determine adults knowledge on diabetes.
  • To determine how demographics factors influence knowledge on diabetes.